Diagnosis of Diabetes

Do you know the most common symptoms of diabetes? Early diagnosis is very important.

Diabetes presents various symptoms that can serve as indicators to detect, however, it is always necessary to receive a diagnosis from a specialist doctor. Here we list some of the most common symptoms, do not forget to consult a doctor to be sure:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Weightloss
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of concentration and interest
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Blurry vision
  • Frequent infections
  • Slow healing wounds
  • Vomiting and stomach pain1,2

If you notice these signs and symptoms, consult a healthcare professional to discredit any condition and get the right treatment.

know diabetics

Glucose Monitoring

We invite you to learn more about the levels of blood sugar during your day.

Why my sugar levels in the blood increase during the night?

When you go to sleep, usually the level of glucose in the blood may be 110 (mg / dL), but when you wake up in the morning it would risen to may be 150 (mg / dL), why is this happening?2

To understand how sugar levels can rise overnight without having eaten anything, we have to see where glucose comes from during sleep and where it goes..

During the day we eat carbohydrates that are digested into glucose and absorbed into the bloodstream, some of this glucose goes to the liver and some is stored for later use.3

At night while we sleep, the liver releases glucose into the bloodstream, the liver functions as store house for glucose and keeps supplying until we eat breakfast. The amount of glucose used is matched by the amount of glucose that is released by the liver, so that the levels of blood sugar must remain constant.4

What is the phenomenon of dawn?5

This is an increase in blood glucose that occurs in the early morning hours, approximately between 3 am and 6 am in people with a typical sleep schedule.

The dawn effect is thought to be triggered by a normal increase in the Levels of hormones, particularly human growth hormone which insists the liver to release the glucose. In this way body make sure that it has enough energy. People with diabetes, though, may not have enough insulin to counteract these hormones. So a delicate balance is lost, and blood glucose can be too high by morning.5

The result: Increased levels of blood sugar.5

That's why your glucose levels in the blood may increase while you sleep.5

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Sugar Control

Here we help you choose the ideal to check your levels of blood sugar time.

You know when to check your blood sugar levels?

While not everyone has the same schedule or time to check their blood sugar levels, overall there are times and conditions common during the day in which it is advisable to monitor glucose, for example:

  • Upon awakening: This test is done on waking, before eating any food or drinking any drink before exercise and before taking any medication or insulin.6
  • Before eating (Pre-prandial): There are people who monitor their glucose before eating, especially if they use short - acting insulin or pills before meals to control glucose.7
  • After eating (postprandial): This is commonly performed two hours after eating. This gives the health professional a parameter of how drugs are working on glucose control.7

Check with your healthcare professional what is the best time of day for you to check your blood sugar levels.

glucose test

Weightloss

We tell you what are the advantages of maintaining a healthy weight. Motivate yourself to do it!

You've probably heard that weight control is one of the most important measures to control diabetes, but you know what benefits you gain by losing weight in the management of this condition? Here's how we help you to maintain blood sugar levels.


The benefits of losing weight 5-10% may include:8,9

  • Improvement in levels of blood sugar8
  • Insulin sensitivity9
  • Regulation of blood pressure8
  • Reduce the risk of heart disease8
  • Improved self-esteem10

It is important that your weight loss goal is achievable, sustainable and compatible with your diabetes plan.

Remember these steps to succeed:

Fruits
  • Set a goal
  • Diabetes management requires awareness know what makes your blood sugar level rise and fall and how to control these day to day factors11
  • Diabetes management

References:

  1. Available from: http://www.idf.org/signsandsymptomsdiabetes?language=es. Accessed on Sep 23, 2016.
  2. Available from: https://www.bd.com/us/diabetes/page.aspx?cat=7001&id=7237
  3. http://www.breastcancer.org/tips/nutrition/healthy_eat/what_happens. Accessed on Sep 23, 2016.
  4. Available from :http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:http://ruhow.org/7029-whydoesbloodsugarriseatnight.html&gws_rd=cr&ei=u-DkV4GiI8PL0ASy5pTADQ. Accessed on Sep 23, 2016.
  5. Available from: http://www.diabetesforecast.org/2012/mar/handling-morning-highs-in-blood-glucose.html?referrer=https://www.google.co.in/. Accessed on Sep 23, 2016.
  6. House F, Searle S, Blake I. 30-Day Diabetes Miracle: Stop Diabetes, Before it Stops You Paperback. 2009.
  7. Available from: http://www.diabetes.co.uk/features/pre-and-post-meal-testing.html. Accessed on 27.09.2016.
  8. Wing R R, Lang W, Wadden T A. etal,. Benefits of Modest Weight Loss in Improving Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Overweight and Obese Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2011 Jul; 34(7): 1481-1486.
  9. Khaodhiar L, Cummings S, Apovian. Treating Diabetes and Prediabetes by Focusing on Obesity Management. CurrDiab Rep. 2009; 9(5): 348–354.
  10. Lasikiewicz N, Myrissa K, Hoyland A. etal., Psychological benefits of weight loss following behavioural and/or dietary weight loss interventions. A systematic research review . Appetite . 2014; 72:123–137.
  11. Available from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-management/art-20047963. Accessed on Sep 23, 2016.